Balance and harmony in the Gallup World Poll: The development of the Global Wellbeing Initiative module


  • Tim Lomas
  • Yoshiki Ishikawa
  • Pablo Diego-Rosell
  • Joe Daly
  • Cynthia English
  • Jim Harter
  • Priscilla Standridge
  • Benedicte Clouet
  • Ed Diener
  • Alden Y. Lai



Over recent decades, scholarship on wellbeing has flourished. However, this has been critiqued as Western-centric, firstly in terms of the location of research participants and scholars, and moreover in terms of the very ideas and values through which wellbeing is understood. In response to such issues, the Global Wellbeing Initiative – a partnership between Gallup and the Wellbeing for Planet Earth foundation – was created to look at wellbeing from a more global perspective. The centrepiece of this initiative is a survey module in the Gallup World Poll. This paper charts the evolution of this module to date, from its initial incarnation in the 2020 poll (featuring items on various aspects of wellbeing) to a finalized 2022 iteration (which focuses specifically on balance and harmony). With the 2022 version now intended to stay consistent longitudinally, this paper establishes a valuable baseline for this important project which will contribute to a more inclusive and comprehensive understanding of wellbeing.


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